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The list below contains all of the topics that are currently included in the CIMI glossary. Glossary topics are divided between Categories - topics that define classes or categories of things and Individuals - instances of categories. As an example, the glossary category Standard or Specification describes the set of things that qualify as a standard, while CTS2 is an instance of a standard.

Glossary Topics

Term Abbreviation Definition
Archetype A re-usable, formal model of a concept expressed as a computable set of constraint statements, on an underlying reference model (URM).
Archetype Definition Language ADL ADL is a formal language for expressing archetypes. It provides a formal, textual syntax for describing constraints on any domain entity whose data is described by an information model (also known as the 'underlying reference model'). The ADL syntax is semantically equivalent to the AOM, and represents one possible serialisation of the AOM. The current version of ADL is known as 'ADL 1.5'.
Archetype Instance A single instantiation of data conforming to a specific archetype.
Archetype Object Model AOM The AOM is the definitive expression of archetype semantics, and is independent of any particular syntax. The AOM is defined as an object model, using a UML class diagram. It is a generic model, meaning that it can be used to express archetypes for any reference model in a standard way. Version 1.4 of the AOM was standardised in ISO-13606:2. The current version is known as 'AOM 1.5'.
Archetype Query Language AQL A declarative query language developed specifically for expressing queries used for searching and retrieving the clinical data found in archetype-based EHRs
CIMI Reference Model CRM The information model on which CIMI's clinical models (i.e. archetypes) are defined. Usage Notes: This reference model defines a rigorous and stable set of modelling patterns, including a set of complex data types and structural patterns (e.g. composition, entry). All CIMI clinical models will be defined by constraining the CIMI reference model.
Cardinality Constraint A limit on the number of instances of an element that can exist in a given relationship in a model examples: '0..1', '1..Many'
Class A class describes a set of objects that share the same specifications of features, constraints, and semantics.
Class Diagram A UML class diagram is a structure diagram that depicts packages, classes and objects, their relationships, constraints attributes and operations.
Classification An exhaustive set of mutually exclusive categories to aggregate data at a prescribed level of granularity for a specific purpose.
Clinical Data Repository CDR A data store that holds and manages clinical data collected from service encounters at the point-of-service locations
Clinical Document Architecture CDA The HL7 Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) is an XML-based markup standard intended to specify the encoding, structure and semantics of clinical documents for exchange.
Clinical Information Model CIM A representation of the structured clinical information (including relationships, constraints and terminology), that describes a specific clinical concept - e.g. a blood pressure observation, a Discharge Summary, or a Medication Order.
Clinical Information Modelling Initiative CIMI An initiative established to improve the interoperability of healthcare information systems through shared implementable clinical information models
Clinical Information Modelling Initiative Specification CIMI Specifications CIMI specifications are those specifications adopted or published by the CIMI, including the CIMI reference model, the CIMI constraint formalism, and the CIMI data types.
Clinical Model CM
Clinical Model Governance A set of policies and processes to safeguard and maintain the quality of clinical artifacts during identification, scoping, creation, storage, verification, maintenance, and distribution
Clinical Model Repository CMR A data store that holds clinical information models, and associated artifacts, in an agreed sharable format.
Clinical Model Verification The act of reviewing, inspecting or testing, in order to establish that a specification meets appropriate clinical safety and quality standards.
Clinical Modelling Language CML A language used to define clinical information models. Examples include:
  • Archetype Definition Language (ADL)
  • Unified Modelling Language (UML)
  • Ontology Web Language (OWL)
Clinical Requirement Requirements that articulate clinical needs - including clinical practices, standards, guidelines, principles or other clinical concepts.
Code System A managed collection of uniquely identifiable concepts with associated representations.
Common Terminology Services 2.0 CTS2 CTS2 is a specification that provides a standard interface to disparate terminology sources. The Information Model specifies the structural definition, attributes and associations of Resources common to structured terminologies such as Code Systems, Binding Domains and Value Sets. The Computational Model specifies the service descriptions and interfaces needed to access and maintain structured terminologies.
Concept An idea, independent of but usually associated with a textual or other representation
Conceptual Information Model CIM A representation of real-world objects and their relationships and constraints as understood by domain experts, without implementation-specific details
Constraint Formalism
Constraint Model A formal specification used for describing constraints on an Underlying Reference Model. The Constraint Model is used to express clinical information models (i.e. archetypes). Not to be confused with the clinical information models that are instances of the constraint model.
Constraint Modelling Formalism
Corporate Governance
DL-Based Reference Terminology A reference terminology designed to support a set of tractable logical computations defined within description logic, including classification and imputation.
Data Element A unit of data for which the definition, identification, representation, and permissible values are specified by means of a set of attributes
Data Type A data storage model or template that defines the attributes for a specific type or range of values. It acts to formalize the requirements for data of specific types so that all of the attributes needed to process the data are known by a receiver. This includes simple types such as integer, boolean, and string as well as complex types such as quantity and coded value.
Description In the context of terminology, a description is a human-readable term assigned to a specific concept. Each description is assigned a unique description ID.
Description Logic DL A family of formal knowledge representation languages that model concepts, roles and individuals, and their relationships.
Design Pattern DP A general, reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem within a given context
Detailed Clinical Model DCM A relatively small, standalone information model designed to express a precise clinical concept in a standardized and reusable manner
EXtensible Markup Language XML XML is a markup language defined by the W3C that specifies a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
European Committee for Standardization CEN A federation of 28 national standards bodies that are ISO members
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources FHIR Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR, pronounced "Fire") is an HL7 specification that defines a set of 'Resources' that represent granular clinical concepts.
First Order Predicate Logic FOPL First-order predicate logic is a formal system used in mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science, which includes the features of propositional logic as well as predicates and quantification.
Formal Language A set of propositions defined by means of a formal grammar
Fully Defined Concept A concept that is uniquely defined by a set of defining relationships.
Governance The use of a set of processes, customs, policies, laws and institutions to direct the way people administer an organization
HL7 Standard or Specification A standard or specification established by HL7
HL7 version 2 HL7 v2 HL7's Version 2.x (V2) messaging standard is widely used for electronic data exchange in the clinical domain. This messaging standard allows the exchange of clinical data between systems.
HL7 version 3 HL7 v3 a suite of specifications based on HL7's Reference Information Model (RIM)
Health Level 7 HL7 A not-for-profit, ANSI-accredited standards developing organization dedicated to providing a comprehensive framework and related standards for the exchange, integration, sharing, and retrieval of electronic health information that supports clinical practice and the management, delivery and evaluation of health services.
IHTSDO Standard or Specification Standards and specifications that have been published by the IHTSDO. IHTSDO standards and specifications include:
  • SNOMED CT Compositional Grammar
ISO Standard or Specification A standards, specifications or technical report that has been published by ISO, or is planned for publication by ISO
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